O que necessita a Europa?

Um pacto pola sustentabilidade e o bem-estar

O que se escuta nas ruas da Europa é “mudança de sistema sim, mudanças climáticas nom”. Quando a activista do clima Greta Thunberg se encontrou com o presidente da Comissom Europeia Jean-Claude Juncker, dixo-lhe para falar como os especialistas, mas o que deveriam eles dizer?

Pode-se achar a carta original, em inglês, e traduções a outras línguas no site Degrowth

Nós, especialistas de mudanças sistémicas procedentes do mundo académico, dos negócios, da administraçom de grandes cidades e da sociedade civil, queremos dar respostas ousadas mas viáveis. Na conferência ‘Crescimento em transiçom’ que tivo lugar em Viena no outono de 2018, seis de entre nós identificamos três pontos-chave para transitar cara umha sociedade prospera dentro dos limites planetários – mas a listagem de assinantes dessas propostas de mudanças sistémicas nom para de medrar.

O que nos une é o desejo de olhar além dum sistema económico centrado no aumento do PIB, em direcçom a um plano positivo para umha economia post-crescimento mais realista. Os nossos “Instrumentos vienenses” orientam os dirigentes políticos a nível Europeu, estatal, regional e municipal sobre formas de enfrentar a tripla crise, que vai a pior, de mudanças climáticas, extinçom em massa e desigualdade1.

Sejamos honestos sobre esta tripla crise. Nem o Acordo de Paris, nem os Objectivos de Biodiversidade de Aichi, nem os actuais regimes fiscais som capazes de lidar com estas ameaças existenciais. Mas a boa nova é que mudanças fundas nom som só necessárias, mas também desejadas. Umha grande sondagem realizada recentemente em toda a Europa mostrou que a maioria dos europeus considera que na actualidade o ambiente deve ser umha prioridade, mesmo em detrimento do crescimento. Existe um mandato para mudanças sistémicas.

Existe um amplo consenso entre os especialistas das esferas científica, da sociedade civil, empresarial e municipal em polo menos três grandes mudanças sistémicas. Estes 3 avanços nom excluem outras soluções, mas os três som urgentes, possíveis, necessários, desejados e capazes de mudar as regras do jogo2. A sua implementaçom requer umha mentalidade visionária e umha atitude pro-activa. Estes avanços requerem umha mudança de mentalidade para ultrapassar o pensamento incremental , umha mentalidade que nos trouxe até a actual crise.

1) Destronar o Rei PIB, coroar a Rainha Bem-estar

As pessoas querem prosperar num mundo vivo. As políticas baseadas no crescimento do PIB sacrificam amiúde tanto a gente como a biosfera, entanto que as políticas dirigidas ao bem-estar ajudam-nos a curá-la.

A prosperidade sem crescimento é possível. O crescimento à custa da exploraçom dos recursos, do desprezo pola segurança e da poluçom está a levar tanto a biosfera como a gente ao esgotamento. Exemplos procedentes do Bhutam, de Nova Zelândia e de Barcelona mostram que priorizar o progresso social e ambiental por diante do PIB funciona realmente.

Demandamos da Comissom Europeia:

  • Trocar o Pacto de Estabilidade e de Crescimento (PEC) por um Pacto pola Sustentabilidade e Bem-viver (PSB).3
  • Mudar de “Empregos, crescimento e investimento“ para “Bem-estar, empregos e sustentabilidade“
  • Estabelecer a Direcçom Geral (DG) de Bem-estar e Gerações Futuras dirigida por o primeiro vice-presidente

Demandamos dos estados, regiões e municípios:

  • Criar um ministerio/conselharia/concelharia de Bem-estar e Gerações Futuras no cerne da governança

2) PARAÍSOS FISCAIS para uns poucos? REDISTRIBUÇOM para a maioria!

Taxar mais a riqueza e menos o trabalho. Taxar a poluçom progressivamente e deixar de subsidiá-la.

Se nas duas décadas após a II Guerra Mundial o tipo máximo do imposto da renda era dum 90% nos EUA e no RU na actualidade é menor de 50%. A maioria dos países da UE seguírom a mesma dinámica, favorizando assim os mais ricos. Como resultado, a desigualdade aumenta e um sentimento crescente de injustiça (fiscal) traduze-se em mal-estar social e populismo. A revolta dos “Coletes amarelos” na França mostrou que nom se pode taxar a poluiçom sem um sistema tributário justo. Os subsídios a actividades poluentes e a sobreexploraçom de recursos devem findar imediatamente.

Demandamos:

  • Estabelecer um tipo máximo do imposto da renda superior a 80%, para a redistribuiçom da riqueza entre as famílias com rendas baixas e meias.
  • Taxar o transporte aéreo para apoiar um transporte público com custo baixo ou zero.4
  • Implementar taxas na origem e progressivas sobre o carbono e a extracçom dos recursos naturais, visando a redistribuiçom.
  • Fornecer incentivos fiscais à utilizaçom de materiais reciclados.

3) Produtos EFICIENTES som bons, soluções SUFICIENTES som óptimas

Os ganhos na eficiência som importantes, mas apenas o começo da soluçom

A exclusom social e cultural pode anular os ganhos de eficiência. Nom precisamos de vender mais produtos, necessitamos de soluções suficientes e duradoiras. Algumhas empresas já estám a vender serviços de iluminaçom, em vez do produto lámpadas, tornando o incentivo pola obsolescência programada na procura de produtos duradoiros. A estratégia “zero resíduos” Barcelonesa inclui sistemas avançados para a recolha selectiva de resíduos graças a contentores de lixo “inteligentes”. Estes permitem identificar os utilizadores e reduzir os desperdícios, incentivando simultaneamente a recolha de resíduos orgánicos – indo muito além da sensibilizaçom, prevençom e apoio à reutilizaçom.

Demandamos:

  • Apoiar o desenvolvimento de modelos de negócio melhores como a economia da funcionalidade.
  • Implementar estratégias de “zero resíduos” em todos os níveis de governaçom, seguindo a hierarquia de gestom de resíduos nas operações, bem como sistemas de responsabilidade alargada dos fabricantes.
  • Diminuir o IVA de serviços com um peso importante da mao de obra tais como as reparações.
  • Passarmos de políticas de eficiência a políticas de suficiência, para conseguir fazermos que os modos de vida sustentáveis sejam a norma.

1 Estamos a perder a batalha contra as mudanças climáticas.
Entramos na sexta extinção em massa.
Assistimos a um rápido aumento da desigualdade na Europa e nos EUA:

2 Poderíamos acrescentar cidadania versus consumerismo; financiar o futuro; eliminar os monopólios; fazer sustentáveis as normas que rigem o equilíbrio trabalho-vida privada; findar com a deregulaçom, já que as leis nom se aprovam por amolar as empresas, mas para proteger as pessoas e o planeta; etc.

3 Esta foi umha demanda de 238 académicos publicada em 40 meios ao largo da UE e que tornou-se numha petiçom que obtivo quase 100.000 assinaturas: wemove.eu/postgrowth

4Com o Luxembourg fazendo gratuito todo o seu transporte público existem na actualidade como mínimo 100 redes de transporte público gratuitas no mundo, das quais 58 na Europa. (https://bit.ly/2QPyoMQ)


Signatários:

Os primeiros 6 signatários redigírom esta carta. Todos os signatários provenhem do mundo académico, da sociedade civil e dos governos municipais.

  1. Nick Meynen, Policy Officer Environmental and Economic justice, European Environmental Bureau
  2. Maria Langsenlehner, Project Associate, EU-Umweltbüro, Áustria
  3. Kate Raworth, Author of Doughnut Economics, Reino Unido
  4. Patrick Ten Brink, EU Policy Director, European Environmental Bureau
  5. Toni Ribas Bravo, Ecology Group Coordinator, Barcelona en Comú, Espanha
  6. Halliki Kreinin, Research Assistant, Institute for Ecological Economics, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Áustria
  7. Dr Jason Hickel, Anthropologist, University of London, Reino Unido
  8. Dr Katherine Trebeck, Policy & Knowledge Lead, Wellbeing Economy Alliance, Reino Unido
  9. Dr Federico Demaria, Ecological Economist, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Espanha
  10. Dr Dan O’Neill, Associate Professor in Ecological Economics, University of Leeds, Reino Unido
  11. Dr. Marta Conde, President Researc & Degowth, Researcher Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Espanha
  12. Dr. Claudio Cattaneo Senior Researcher, Department of Environmental Studies, Masaryk University, Brno, República Checa
  13. Riccardo Mastini, PhD Candidate in Ecological Economics and Political Ecology, Institute of Environmental Science and Technology, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Espanha
  14. Dr. Christian Kerschner, Assistant Professor Modul University Vienna, AT and Masaryk University Brno, República Checa
  15. Dr Giorgos Kallis, ICREA Professor, Ecological Economist, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Espanha
  16. Dr Petter Næss, Professor of Planning in Urban Regions, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Noruega
  17. John Barry, Professor of Green Political Economy Queen’s University Belfast, Reino Unido
  18. Prof. Dr. Maja Göpel, Political Economist and System Innovation scholar, University of Leuphana, Alemanha.
  19. Dr. Christoph Gran, Senior Economist, ZOE. Institute for Future-Fit Economies, Alemanha
  20. Jonathan Barth, Economist, ZOE. Institute for Future-Fit Economies; Alemanha
  21. Prof. Dr. Hermann Ott, University of Sustainable Development Eberswalde, Alemanha
  22. Dr. Friedrich Hinterberger, SERI Sustainable Europe Research Institute and University of Applied Arts, Vienna, Áustria
  23. Kate Soper, Emeritus Professor of Philosophy, London Metropolitan University , Reino Unido
  24. Prof. Jean Gadrey, Economist, University of Lille, França
  25. Prof. Kate Pickett, Epidemiologist and University Champion for Justice & Equality, University of York, Reino Unido
  26. Vincent Liegey, co-author of A Degrowth Project, engineer, consultant and interdisciplinary researcher, França / Hungria
  27. Dr. Miklós Antal, Ecological Economist, University of Leeds, Reino Unido
  28. Dr. Stefania Barca, senior researcher, Center for Social Studies – University of Coimbra, Portugal
  29. Dr. Andreas Novy, associate professor, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Áustria
  30. Mauro Gallegati, prof economics, Universitá Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, Itália
  31. Dr. Alexandra Köves, ecological economist, Corvinus University of Budapest, Hungria
  32. Prof. Frank Moulaert, KU Leuven, Bélgica
  33. Julien-François Gerber, Assist. Prof. in Environment and Development, International Institute of Social Studies, The Hague, Países Baixos
  34. Elgars Felcis, sustainability scientist, University of Latvia and chairman of Latvian Permaculture association, Letónia
  35. Dr. Janis Brizga, NGO Green Liberty, Letónia
  36. Prof. Tor A. Benjaminsen, human geographer, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Noruega
  37. Dr. Nadia Johanisova, Assistant Professor, Department of Environmental Studies, Masaryk University, Brno, República Checa
  38. Dr. Mihnea Tanasescu, Research Fellow in Political Ecology, Research Foundation Flanders (FWO) at the Free University of Brussels (VUB), Bélgica
  39. Dr Eeva Houtbeckers, postdoctoral researcher, Aalto University, Finlândia
  40. Fabricio Bonilla, Happiness Economics Researcher, Institute of Environmental Science and Technology, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Espanha
  41. Dr Paul Ariès, authors of Degrowth or barbarity, director of the International “Observatoire de la Gratuité” (OIG), França
  42. Dr Ivo Ponocny, Full Professor at MODUL University Vienna, Áustria
  43. Timothée Parrique, PhD Candidate in Political Economy. University of Clermont Auvergne (CERDI) and Stockholm University (SRC), França/Suécia
  44. Dr. Matthias Schmelzer, researcher at Friedrich-Schiller University Jena and at Konzeptwerk Neue Ökonomie, Alemanha
  45. Dr. Dennis Eversberg, Junior research group leader, Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, Alemanha
  46. Jan Blažek, Doctoral student in Environmental Humanities, Masaryk University Brno, República Checa
  47. Dr. Alevgul Sorman, Ikerbasque Research Fellow, Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3) , Espanha
  48. Lilian Pungas, Research Assistant and PhD candidate, Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, Alemanha
  49. Dr. Barry McMullin, Full Professor, Faculty of Engineering and Computing, Dublin City University, Irlanda
  50. Dr. Melanie Pichler, senior researcher, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Viena, Áustria
  51. Dr. Manuel González de Molina, Professor. Agroecosystems History Lab, Seville, Espanha
  52. Prof. Brent Bleys, Ecological Economist, Ghent University, Bélgica
  53. Christian Dorninger, PhD-candidate, Leuphana University of Lüneburg, Alemanha, and Konrad-Lorenz-Institute Klosterneuburg, Áustria
  54. Dr Panos Petridis, Researcher, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), Áustria
  55. Dr François Briens, Researcher in socio-ecological economy and prospective studies, França
  56. Dr. Martin Fritz, Researcher at Friedrich-Schiller University Jena, Alemanha
  57. Dr. Vivian Price, Professor, Interdisciplinary Studies, Coordinator, Labor Studies, California State University, Dominguez Hils, California, USA
  58. Dr Max Koch, Professor in Social Policy, Lund University, Suécia
  59. Logan Strenchock, Environmental and Sustainability Officer, Central European University, Budapest, Hungria
  60. Prof. Matteo Villa, Associate Professor in Economic Sociology, University of Pisa, Itália
  61. Ernest Aigner, PhD candidate, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Áustria
  62. Dr Lidija Živčič, Expert, Focus Association for Sustainable Development, Eslovénia
  63. Orsolya Lazányi, PhD candidate in ecological economics, Corvinus University of Budapest, Hungria
  64. Dr. Erik Gomez-Baggethun, Professor in Environmental Governance, Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), Noruega
  65. Dr. Laura Horn, Associate Professor in Global Political Economy, Roskilde University, Dinamarca
  66. Philippe Defeyt, Chairman, Institute for Sustainable Development, Bélgica
  67. Jacques Grinevald, Emeritus Professor, Graduate Institute of Development Studies (GIDS), Genebra, Suíça
  68. Dr Thomas Smith, Postdoctoral Researcher in Environmental Studies, Masaryk University, Brno, República Checa
  69. Inge Røpke, Professor of Ecological Economics, Aalborg University, Dinamarca
  70. Lucie Sovová, PhD candidate at the Department of Environmental Studies, Masaryk University, Brno, República Checa and Rural Sociology group, Wageningen University, Países Baixos
  71. Dr. Hervé Corvellec, Professor of Management, Lund University, Suécia
  72. Dr Hubert Buch-Hansen, Associate Professor, Copenhagen Business School, Dinamarca
  73. Dr Ekaterina Chertkovskaya, Lecturer, Lund University, Suécia
  74. Dr Moira Nelson, Associate Professor, Lund University, Suécia
  75. Dr György Pataki, Associate Professor, Corvinus University of Budapest, Hungria
  76. Dr Alexander Paulsson, Lecturer, Lund University, Suécia
  77. Dr Timothée Duverger, Associate Professor, Sciences Po Bordeaux, França
  78. Prof. Francesco Gonella, Ca’ Foscari University of Venice, Itália
  79. Dr Christos Zografos, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Espanha
  80. Dr Fabrice Flipo, Institut Mines-Télécom BS, França
  81. François Jarrige, Historian, University of Burgundy, França
  82. Dr Tuula Helne, Senior researcher, Kela (The Social Insurance Institution of Finland), Helsinki
  83. Dr Anna Heikkinen, Senior Research Fellow, Tampere University, Finlândia
  84. Prof. Dr. Aram Ziai, Political scientist, University of Kassel, Alemanha
  85. Dr Jens Friis Lund, professor of Political Ecology, University of Copenhagen, Dinamarca
  86. Dr Stefan Gaarsmand Jacobsen, assistant professor, Roskilde University, Dinamarca
  87. Dr Mladen Domazet, Research director, Institute for Political Ecology, Zagreb, Croácia
  88. Edina Vadovics, Research director, GreenDependent Institute, Hungria
  89. Olivier Malay, Researcher in economics, University of Louvain, Bélgica
  90. Ajda Pistotnik, Independent Researcher, EnaBanda, Eslovénia
  91. Dr Fausto Gusmeroli – Università degli Studi di Milano, Itália
  92. Dr Ray Cunningham, Green House Think Tank, Reino Unido
  93. Dr Janne I. Hukkinen, Professor of Environmental Policy, University of Helsinki, Finlândia
  94. Dr Guy Julier, Professor of Design Leadership, Aalto University, Finlândia
  95. Dr Lassi Linnanen, Professor of Environmental Management, Lappeenranta-Lahti University of Technology, Finlândia
  96. Piotr Barczak, Polish Zero Waste Association, Institute for Circular Economy, European Environmental Bureau, Polónia
  97. Philipp von Gehren, Researcher, Austrian Agency for Health & Food Safety, Áustria
  98. Dr Pasi Heikkurinen, Lecturer in Management, University of Helsinki, Finlândia; Adjunct Professor of Sustainability and Organizations, Aalto University, Helsinki; Visiting Research Fellow, University of Leeds, Reino Unido
  99. Dr Toni Ruuska, Postdoctoral Researcher, University of Helsinki, Finlândia
  100. Ana Poças Ribeiro, PhD Candidate on Sustainable Consumption at Copernicus Institute for Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, Países Baixos
  101. Kristoffer Wilén, Doctoral student, Hanken School of Economics, Finlândia
  102. Dr. Jean-Louis Aillon, M.D., Phd Candidate in Anthropology and Psychology (Università di Genova, Itália)
  103. Dr. Tuuli Hirvilammi, Postdoctoral Researcher, University of Jyväskylä, Finlândia
  104. Prof. Dr. Ernst Worrell, Professor Energy & Resources, Utrecht University, Países Baixos
  105. Dr Anne Chapman, Co-chair, Green House Think Tank, Reino Unido
  106. Nigel Cohen, Economist, Inclusivity Project, Reino Unido
  107. Dr Andrew Mearman, Associate Professor of Economics, University of Leeds, UK; and Green House Think Tank. Reino Unido
  108. Sigrid Stagl, Professor of Environmental Economics & Policy, WU – Vienna University of Economics, Inst Ecol Econ, Áustria
  109. Jennifer Hinton, Researcher,, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Suécia
  110. Madis Vasser, Board member, NGO Estonian Green Movement, Estónia
  111. Dr Miłosława Stępień, independent researcher, Polónia
  112. Prof.Bożena Ryszawska, Wroclaw University of Economics, Polónia
  113. Marcin Popkiewicz, physycist, Warsaw University, Polónia. Author of ‘World at the Crossroads’, ‘Energy Revolution. But why?’ and ’Climate Science’
  114. Jakub Rok, PhD candidate in economics, University of Warsaw, Polónia
  115. Dr Weronika Parfianowicz, Institute of Polish Culture, University of Warsaw, Polónia
  116. Dr Łukasz Drozda, Institute of Social Prevention and Resocialisation, University of Warsaw, Polónia
  117. Dr Maciej Kassner, Institute of Philosophy, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Polónia
  118. Dr Andrzej Tarłowski, Faculty of Psychology, University of Economics and Humanities in Warsaw, Polónia
  119. Dr Michał Czepkiewicz, Post-Doc researcher, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Iceland, Islándia
  120. Dr Maciej Grodzicki, Institute of Economics, Finance and Management, Jagiellonian University in Kraków, Polónia
  121. Angelina Kussy, Predoctoral Researcher, Dep. of Social and Cultural Anthropology, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Espanha
  122. Prof. Piotr Skubała, soil ecologist, University of Silesia, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, Polónia
  123. Dr hab. Wiktor Kotowski, wetland ecologist, Professor at University of Warsaw, Faculty of Biology, Polónia
  124. Dr Zofia Prokop, evolutionary ecologist, Jagiellonian University, Faculty of Biology, Polónia
  125. Dr hab. Łukasz Michalczyk, evolutionary biologist, Faculty of Biology, Jagiellonian University, Polónia
  126. Eliza Kondzior, PhD student in Biology, Mammal Research Institute Polish Academy of Sciences, Polónia
  127. Dr Barbara Pietrzak, ecologist, assistant professor, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Polónia
  128. Dr. Kasia Piwosz, aquatic microbial ecologist, Scientist, Institute of Microbiology Czech Academy of Sciences, República Checa
  129. Dr. Anna Urbanowicz, molecular biologist, Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Polónia
  130. Mateusz Leźnicki, researcher in Philosophy of Law, PhD candidate, Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Legal Studies, Polónia
  131. Dr. Piotr Zieliński, evolutionary biologist, Faculty of Biology, Jagiellonian University, Polónia
  132. Dr. Piotr Bentkowski, Inserm / Sorbonne Université, Institut Pierre Louis d’Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique, França
  133. Prof. dr hab. Kazimierz Rykowski Forest Research Institute, Warsaw, Polónia
  134. Dr hab. Agnieszka Pajdak-Stós, aquatic microbial ecologist, Faculty of Biology, Jagiellonian University, Polónia
  135. Dr hab Paweł Koperski, hydrobiologist, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Polónia
  136. Prof dr hab. Jan Marcin Węsławski, marine ecologist, Institute of Oceanology Polish Academy of Sciences, Polónia
  137. Dr hab. Anna Muszewska, biologist, Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Polónia
  138. Dr Barbara Stępień, postdoctoral researcher, Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics, Alemanha
  139. Jakub Kronenberg, Social-Ecological Systems Analysis Lab at University of Lodz, and the Sendzimir Foundation, Polónia
  140. Paweł Koteja, biologist, Institute of Environmental Sciences, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Polónia
  141. Dr Michał Pałasz, Institute of Culture, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Polónia
  142. Dr Mateusz Płóciennik, assistant professor (ecology, palaeoclimatology), Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Lodz, Łódź, Polónia
  143. Prof. dr hab. Jan R.E. Taylor, ecologist and ecophysiologist, Institute of Biology, University of Białystok, Polónia
  144. Dr Ernst von Kimakowitz, Direktor, Humanistic Management Center; Humanistic Management Network, Suíça
  145. Dr hab. Karol Zub, Associate Professor, Mammal Research Institute PAS, Białowieża, Polónia
  146. Igor Siedlecki, biologist, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Polónia
  147. Dr Joanna Tusznio, Faculty of Biology, Institute of Environmental Sciences, Krakow, Polónia
  148. Dr hab. Łukasz Kaczmarek, Faculty of Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Polónia
  149. Prof. dr hab. Jan Kozłowski, Institute of Environmental Sciences, Jagiellonian University, Polónia
  150. Łukasz Berlik, independent researcher, Natural Society of Opole Voivodeship, Polónia
  151. Dr Beata Czyż, ecologist, University of Wrocław, Polónia
  152. Dr hab. Maria Niklińska, Institute of Environmental Sciences, Jagiellonian University, Polónia
  153. Anna Gromada, Social and Economic Policy Advisor, the Kalecki Foundation, the UN and the Polish Academy of Sciences, Polónia
  154. Jacek M. Szymura, biologist, Institute of Zoology and Biomedical Research, Jagiellonian University, Polónia
  155. Anna Hauler, PhD candidate, hydrobiologist, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Polónia
  156. Dr Maria J. Golab, ecologist, Institute of Nature Conservation, Polish Academy of Sciences, Polónia
  157. Paulina Kramarz, evolutionary ecologist, Faculty of Biology, Institute of Environmental Sciences, Krakow, Polónia
  158. Alek Rachwald, forest ecologist, Forest Ecology Department, Forest Research Institute, Raszyn, Polónia
  159. Elisa Plazio, PhD student in Ecology, Faculty of Biology, Institute of Environmental Sciences, Krakow, Polónia
  160. Dr Justyna Kierat, melittologist and evolutionary biologist, independent environmental educator, Krakow, Polónia
  161. Dr hab. Krzysztof Pabis, marine ecologist, entomologist, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Lodz, Łódź, Polónia
  162. Bogusław Pawłowski, prof., biological anthropologist, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Wrocław, Polónia
  163. Dr Jerzy Parusel, Upper Silesian Nature Heritage Centre, Katowice, Polónia
  164. Dr Aleksandra Walczyńska, evolutionary biologist, Institute of Environmental Sciences, Jagiellonian University, Polónia
  165. Prof. dr Andrzej Dyrcz, University of Wroclaw, Polónia
  166. Kamil Bartoń, ecologist, Institute of Nature Conservation, Polish Academy of Sciences, Polónia
  167. Assoc. Prof. Tymon Zieliński, Institute of Oceanology PAN, Polónia
  168. Jan Sowa, Ph.D., member of Committee of Cultural Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences, Polónia
  169. Dr hab. Władysław Polcyn, Faculty of Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Polónia
  170. Prof. dr hab. Michał Grabowski, Faculty of Biology & Environmental Protection, University of Lodz, Polónia
  171. Dr Rafał Ruta, biologist, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Wrocław, Polónia
  172. Prof. Wiesław Babik, biologist, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Polónia
  173. Prof. dr hab. Andrzej Elżanowski, biologist, University of Warsaw, Polónia
  174. Prof. Jukka Heinonen, University of Iceland, Islándia
  175. Dr hab. Ewa Bińczyk, prof. UMK, Faculty of Humanities, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Polónia
  176. Prof. Michal Woyciechowski, evolutionary biologist, Faculty of Biology, Jagiellonian University, Polónia
  177. Dr hab. Sławomir Mitrus, Institute of Biology, University of Opole, Polónia
  178. Dr Mateusz Iskrzyński, physicist (postdoc), International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Áustria
  179. Dr hab. eng. Marcin Kadej, biologist, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Wrocław, Polónia
  180. Dr. Adam Ostolski, sociologist, Institute of Sociology, University of Warsaw, Polónia
  181. Marta Połeć, Institute of Culture, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Polónia
  182. Dr Bartłomiej Gołdyn, Faculty of Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Polónia
  183. Dr Zygmunt Dajdok, biologist, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Wrocław, Polónia
  184. Kornelia Sobczak, PhD Candidate, Institute of Polish Culture, University of Warsaw, Polónia
  185. Prof. dr. Dariusz Tarnawski, Institute of Environmental Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Wroclaw, Polónia
  186. Prof. dr hab. Monika Kostera, Jagiellonian University and Södertörn University, Polónia
  187. Dr. Romina Martin, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Suécia
  188. Dr. Krzysztof Kujawa, Institute for Agricultural and Forest Environment, Polish Academy of Sciences, Polónia
  189. Dr Ryszard Kulik, Workshop for All Beings, Polónia
  190. Prof. dr hab. Edward Gwóźdź, Faculty of Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Polónia
  191. Prof. dr hab. Hanna Kmita, Faculty of Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan Polónia
  192. Dr Sarah Cornell, associate professor, sustainability sciences, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Suécia
  193. Helena Norberg-Hodge, author of Ancient Futures, co-director of The Economics of Happiness, founder and director of Local Futures
  194. Anja Lyngbaek, Associate Programmes Director, Local Futures, Dinamarca
  195. Edward Langham, Research Fellow, Schumacher Institute for Sustainable Systems, Bristol, Reino Unido
  196. Julian Jones, Distinguished Fellow, Schumacher Institute for Sustainable Systems, Bristol, Reino Unido
  197. Richard Hellen, Director, Schumacher Institute for Sustainable Systems, Bristol, Reino Unido
  198. Dr Martin Oetting, Managing Director, Omnipolis Media, Berlin, Alemanha
  199. Dr Luca Coscieme, Research Fellow, Trinity College, University of Dublin, Dublin, Irlanda
  200. Dr. Ingo Fetzer, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Suécia
  201. Dr. Arthur Perrotton, Stockholm Resilience Center, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Suécia
  202. Dr. Bengi Akbulut, Department of Geography, Planning and Environment, Concordia University, Montréal, Canada
  203. Dr Tim Daw, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Suécia
  204. Dr. Ivan Murray, Ecological Economic Geographer, University of the Balearic Islands, Espanha
  205. Dr. Drago Župarić-Iljić, Assistant Professor, University of Zagreb, Croácia
  206. Dr.sc. Jelena Puđak, Institute of social sciencies Ivo Pilar, Zagreb, Croácia
  207. Andro Rilović, Research Assistant, Institute for Political Ecology, Zagreb, Croácia
  208. Tomislav Medak, PhD Candidate, University of Coventry, Reino Unido
  209. Dr Marija Brajdić Vuković, University of Zagreb, Croácia
  210. Dr Karin Doolan, University of Zadar, Croácia
  211. Jere Kuzmanić, Assistant, Department of Urban Planning, , Faculty of Civil Engineering, Architecture, Geodesy, University of Split, Croácia
  212. Prof. Dr Susana Paixao, Environmental Health Specialist, Instituto Politécnico de Coimbra, Portugal
  213. Jan Mayrhofer, Policy Officer, European Youth Forum, Bruxelas, Bélgica
  214. Predrag Momčilović PhD Candidate and researcher, Platform for theory and practice of commons, Belgrado, Sérbia
  215. Sara Fromm, Research & Degrowth, Barcelona, Espanha
  216. Dr Susan George, President of the Transnational Institute, Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, França
  217. Lisa Hough-Stewart, Communications and Mobilisation lead at Wellbeing Economy Alliance
  218. Dr Jorge Riechmann, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Espanha
  219. Dr Giacomo D’Alisa Center for Social Studies University of Coimbra, Portugal
  220. Dr Richard Lane, Copernicus Institute for Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, Países Baixos
  221. Dr Eva Friman, Director & Researcher, Swedesd, Uppsala University, Suécia
  222. Dr Tim Jackson, Professor, University of Surrey, Reino Unido
  223. Jonas Van der Slycken, PhD Candidate in economics, Ghent University, Bélgica
  224. Dr Monica Verbeek, Executive Director, Seas At Risk, Bruxelas, Bélgica
  225. Arnaud Schwartz, National secretary of France Nature Environnement & member of the European Economic and Social Committee, França
  226. Michel Dubromel, President of France Nature Environnement, França
  227. Jeremie Fosse, President, eco-union, Espanha

  228. Iñigo Capellán-Pérez, researcher at the University of Valladolid, Espanha
  229. Dr Leho Tedersoo, Research Professor, Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu, Estónia
  230. Dr Mart Külvik, Professor in Biodiversity and Environmental Planning, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Estonia
  231. Dr Mihkel Kangur, Senior Researcher of Paleoecology, Tallinn University, President of Estonian Geographical Society, Estónia
  232. Dr Aleksander Pulver, Lecturer, School of Natural Sciences and Health, Tallinn University, Estonia
  233. Prof. John Sweeney, Emeritus Professor of Geography, Maynooth University, Irlanda
  234. Dr Triin Vihalemm, Professor Institute of Social Studies, University of Tartu, Estonia
  235. Dr Irmak Ertör, Postdoctoral researcher, Institute of Environmental Science and Technology, Autonomous University of Barcelona (ICTA-UAB), Espanha
  236. Dr Kalev Sepp, Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Estónia
  237. Dr Branko Ančić, sociologist, Institute for Social Research in Zagreb, Croácia
  238. Michael Ewing Co-ordinator of the Irish Environmental Pillar on behalf of the Irish Environmental Pillar, Irlanda
  239. Professor Dr John R Porter, University of Copenhagen, Dinamarca
  240. Mark Cumming Head of Comhlámh, Irlanda
  241. Justin Byrne Chair of An Claíomh Glas, Irlanda

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